How to calculate profits with different odds formats

The format for betting odds can vary depending on which part of the world you live in. The two most common options used are Decimal and American odds. But what is the difference, how do you calculate returns for each format and convert from one to the other? Read on to find out.


Before we delve into examples on how to calculate bet returns that have been presented in different odds formats, it is important to note that, irrespective of which odds format you use, the potential profit is the same, the presentation just differs.

Calculating profits with Decimal odds

Decimal odds are predominantly used in continental Europe, Australia and Canada. The format is a simple numerical representation of the potential return of a bet, which includes the stake amount.

The potential return on a bet quoted in Decimal odds is extremely easy to calculate by simply multiplying the amount you wish to bet by the Decimal odds offered – just remember that the return includes your stake. Here is an example of Decimal odds in a 1X2 soccer market from Pinnacle:


Using the above Decimal odds example, if you bet $100 on Chelsea the potential return would be $227:

Odds x stake = 2.270 X 100 = 227

As this includes your original $100 stake amount, the potential profit is $127.

If you placed a $100 bet on Liverpool, the potential return would be $339 ($239 profit plus your $100 stake:

Odds x stake = 3.390 x 100 = 339

Calculating profits with American odds

American odds are unsurprisingly the default format used in America. They start either with a positive or a negative sign, e.g. -110, or +120. A negative number indicates the amount you must bet to make $100 profit (or the equivalent in your chosen currency) and a positive number indicates how much you might profit if you bet $100 (again, this would be the equivalent in your chosen currency).


Using the example above, if you bet $124 on the Washington Redskins -2.5 handicap with American odds of -124 and they cover the spread, you will make $100 profit (plus your original $124 stake). If you bet $100 on the Dallas Cowboys +2.5 handicap with odds of +112 and they cover the spread, it will return $112 profit (plus the original $100 stake).

As with any odds format, the potential return and profit from a bet is relevant to the stake amount. Using a $100 bet example is the easiest way to calculate profits with American odds, but below is a simple formula to work out potential returns for any stake:

Negative American odds calculation:

(100/Odds) x stake

Positive American odds calculation:

Odds x (stake/100)


If we use the odds from the above example, you could bet $13.75 on the White Sox at -129 and your potential profit is $10.66:

(100/Odds) x stake = (100/129) x 13.75 = 10.66

Using the same example for positive odds, you could bet $15 on the Royals at +119 and your potential profit is $17.85:

Odds x (stake/100) = 119 x (15/100) = 17.85

Odds conversion table

American odds Decimal odds American odds Decimal odds
-101 1.990 +100 2.000
-105 1.952 +105 2.050
-110 1.909 +110 2.100
-120 1.833 +120 2.200
-130 1.769 +130 2.300
-140 1.714 +140 2.400
-150 1.667 +150 2.500

This table can be used to convert one type of odds format into another. If you have a specific bet or odds you wish to convert, read our odds conversion article.

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